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How Cybersecurity Frameworks are Essential in Healthcare Industry ?

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As with any other sector, cyber-security is common even in healthcare, posing a lot of risks, such as critical patient data, bills, and much more. These are all sensitive information that needs to be protected, but today's healthcare industry is vulnerable to security threats due to these widespread cyber attacks, and therefore healthcare organizations need urgent attention.

There is no need to explain that if the data of the company is lost or stolen, a lot can be at stake, and it can be lethal to the credibility. It is precisely for this reason that it is the duty of healthcare agencies to ensure and show that the systems, tools, and strategies they follow pose zero risks to consumers.

What is the cybersecurity framework? 

To be specific, a Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) is a framework that provides a set of structured processes that are helpful in identifying policies and procedures for enforcing and maintaining information security controls in a business environment.



These frameworks are basically a blueprint that creates an information security program that is useful for risk management and vulnerability reduction. The information security pros can use these frameworks to define and prioritize the tasks necessary to build security in the organization concerned.


Components of the cybersecurity framework

  • The Core:

This collection of practices and sources on cybersecurity is structured to achieve specific results. The work helps the company to communicate the cybersecurity threats.


  • Implementation levels

It helps associations define how they view the management of cybersecurity. This helps to find the right level of thoroughness for security programs and enables an organization to communicate cyber risks.


  • Profiles

This is an organizational priority, premises, structure and property against the key results of the system. Profiles are responsible for aligning industry standards and best practices, promoting prioritization, and assessing according to business needs.


What are the best cybersecurity frameworks (CSF) that Healthcare can use?

  • COBIT CFS

Control Framework Objectives for Information and Related Technologies (COBIT), as defined by ISACA, is an IT governance tool that allows organizations to fill the gap between control criteria and further assists in policy development.



Most healthcare companies are using this model to enforce the guidelines established by other safety standards, such as the NIST Cybersecurity Model and ISO27001/2. Healthcare providers, such as hospitals and insurance companies, are now joining other bodies in implementing COBIT.


  • Critical Security Controls

The Center for Internet Security establishes a system and outlines activities aimed at stopping or avoiding the most severe cyberattacks on health care. All controls are classified according to their importance in the Critical Security Controls (CSC) this begins with main controls such as handling vulnerabilities, creating an asset stock, etc.

While CIS controls play a major role in safety protection, it is still not the stand-alone solution and is mostly used with other CFS, such as NIST.


  • ISO 27000 Series

The International Standardization Organization (ISO) is a non-governmental company that develops standards to promote global trade. ISO develops guidelines aimed at building and maintaining an ISO / IEC 27000 framework for information security management. Healthcare organizations should incorporate this structure to meet the challenging and ever-evolving needs of data security.


  • HITRUST platform

HITRUST is ranked second and about 26.4 percent of users of the healthcare system continue to follow the guidelines provided by the HITRUST (Health Information Trust Alliance).

The private healthcare organization is led by the best healthcare experts and they all work with their information systems to make data security paramount. Thus the Cybersecurity Frameworks (CSF) seeks to provide specific guidance to the organizations ' requirements.


How do CS systems help address these issues in healthcare?

To start with, the cybersecurity framework is specifically applied to identify, track, react, defend and recover from the impacts of threats to security and their consequences. Nevertheless, for healthcare organizations, it is not a rigid set of rules, but rather a framework for IT protection best practices.



The NIST healthcare cybersecurity framework also ensures security through the use of core element implementation levels, and a profile that aligns them with business requirements, risk tolerance, and financial capacity. With CSF, there is an opportunity for internal and external stakeholders to get an understanding and manage cybersecurity together.


How do I apply cybersecurity mechanisms in healthcare?

  • Prioritize and Scope:

Healthcare cybersecurity starts by identifying the organization's key goals and priorities. Strategic security decisions need to be made and systems and resources need to be identified to help the chosen operation.

The implementation of CSF starts with a plan for describing, evaluating, tracking and reacting to threats. In this way, a healthcare institution can determine how and where to use a system and evaluate risks and impacts.


  • Orient

The next step is to identify the healthcare organization with all the resources they have. Here they even identify appropriate regulatory requirements, search for authoritative sources such as security means, methods, standards, risk management guidelines, etc. When finished, the overall response to risk will be determined.




  • Creation of a Goal Profile

Once the hospital has identified its risk factors and generated an overlay of the healthcare system, the next step is to set an overlay that avoids specific violations or threats. In addition, companies can even create their own categories and subcategories for specific risk accounting.


  • Risk Calculation

This step is used to determine the information system risk level. The agency is responsible for evaluating the risk that it may cause security breaches and consequences. It becomes important that the company searches for emerging threats, vulnerabilities and risks to be integrated.


  • Emerging Profile Creation

Healthcare entities develop a systematic risk assessment and then identify the current status. The assessment can be well performed across healthcare organizations from both operational areas as well as separately. The aim here is to give the company a strong and in-depth understanding of the current health-care cybersecurity threats.


  • Do Gap Analysis

Once healthcare facilities are aware of the risks and impacts that have been put in, they will shift to Gap Analysis. The aim here is to equate the actual scores with those of the goal. They can, for example, create heat maps showing results in a far simpler way. In this approach, the focus on areas is easier to show.

  • Adopt an action plan

So, once the healthcare entity has a clear picture of potential cybersecurity problems, available defensive means, a comprehensive analysis of vulnerabilities, target targets, and a list of necessary actions, it can continue with the implementation of the program.



About the Author

Software developer and solution provider with over 7 years of experience, including general management of mid to large size organizations, corporate development, product development, business operations, and strategies. Currently managers at EPixelSoft- A Software Development Company- A one-stop-sho...   View more...